Hi, no it's not possible to filter Views based on Properties. There is a filter applied when a Viewpoint is changed, but that's no good for your use case. Perhaps other users can advise on workarounds.
Archi only supports the ArchiMate modeling standard. So if you (or anyone else) have produced a mapping between DODAF and ArchiMate (like it has been done for NATO NAF), then it can be used, else it might requires some tricks (and a good knownledge of both frameworks).